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Too exhausted to go to bed: Implicit theories about willpower and stress predict bedtime procrastination

Bernecker, Katharina; Job, Veronika (2020). Too exhausted to go to bed: Implicit theories about willpower and stress predict bedtime procrastination. British Journal of Psychology, 111 (1), pp. 126-147. 10.1111/bjop.12382

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While most people are aware of the importance of sleep for their health, well-being, and performance bedtime procrastination is a pervasive phenomenon that can be conceptualized as a case of self-control failure (Kroese, De Ridder, Evers, & Adriaanse, 2014). Two daily diary studies (N1 = 185, N2 = 137) investigated beliefs about willpower and stress as interactive predictors of bedtime procrastination. Beliefs about willpower capture whether people think of their willpower as limited resource that gets easily exhausted (limited theory) or as something that remains regardless of previous acts of self-control (nonlimited theory). Results show that after a stressful day, people with a limited versus nonlimited theory procrastinate more on going to bed, while there is no difference in bedtime procrastination on less stressful days. Thus, ironically, limited theorists who should be more concerned with recovering their resources after a stressful day sleep less the following night.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

PHBern Contributor:

Bernecker, K.




Sibylle Blanchard

Date Deposited:

10 Jun 2024 13:17

Last Modified:

16 Jun 2024 00:11

Publisher DOI:





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